Perhaps the most-used phrase by black people in regard to their youthful-looking skin is ‘Black don’t crack’ – meaning that black people’s skin is not prone to the effects of ageing as much as white people’s.
Apparently, premature ageing in the skin of white people caused by repeated exposure to the sun also occurs in black skin – however about 50 years later, a new study claims.
The team – led by University of Manchester scientists – dispel the myth that people with black skin are largely protected from sun damage because of its high content of pigment.
It has long been known that prolonged exposure to the sun causes premature ageing in skin of white people.
The study of 21 people in their early 20s and 18 people in their 60s and 70s is the first to analyse how skin structure and elasticity changes with age in black people.
Lead researcher Dr Abigail Langton from The University of Manchester, said: “We know repeated exposure to the sun can age white skin, but very little research has been carried out on black people.
“This research shows that black skin is indeed affected by the sun, though it takes far longer for that effect to be felt.”
The research was carried out in partnership with Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, the United States.
The team analysed two skin sites: the buttock, which is protected from sun damage so giving researchers information on how skin may change due to advancing age; and the forearm, which receives regular exposure to the sun.
They used special equipment to test the elasticity of skin and measured key proteins that help us understand skin health: fibrillin and collagen.
Protected black buttock skin performed similarly in both young and old people: the older cohort showed only small differences in elasticity. However, the sun-exposed forearm skin showed significant changes in older black volunteers: it was much less elastic and fibrillin and collagen were reduced.
Professor Rachel Watson, from The University of Manchester, said: “Most research is carried out in places where there are fewer people from black and ethnic minority backgrounds which might explain the lack of data on black skin.
“But in Baltimore, around 65% of the population are African Americans – which made it easier for us to recruit volunteers.”